April 26, 2013.
Tiles in all of its hypostases belongs to one of the most popular facing materials. This is not surprising, because he is not afraid of temperature changes and high humidity. Ceramic tiles are used as a wall covering in the bathroom, kitchen, pool, veranda, terrace, etc.D. It can be laid out in a variety of ways, including mosaic, which gives the room originality and individuality.
Modern tiles are available in a variety of options and from different materials. They can be decorated with a pattern, ornament, have an unusual texture, imitate the surface of a tree, stone, brickwork, etc.P. There are entire panels of tiles on different topics – oriental, historical, plant and animalist motifs will create a special atmosphere in the room.
Now more about tiles made from different materials.
The standard ceramic tile, known to everyone, has dimensions of 15×15, 15×7.5 and 20×20 cm, its thickness is 3-6 mm, while thickness fluctuations are possible by no more than 0.5 mm and length and width – no more than one and a half millimeters. The front side is a matte plain glazed surface of various colors. It can also have drawings or composition. To enhance the reliability of the clutch, the back is complemented by corrugation.
Polyvinyl chloride tiles are produced by their amorphous polyvinyl chloride, to which powder filler (wood flour or talc) and plasticizer are added. The thickness of such a tile is 1-2 mm, and the dimensions are 15×15, 20×20 and 30×30 cm. Polyvinyl chloride tiles are not afraid of the effects of chemical compounds and waterproof.
The basis for glass tiles are glass production waste with various additives. Tile color – blue, blue, white, beige or green. The sizes of glass tiles are the same as that of PVC tiles, but the thickness reaches 8 mm. The front side can be matte or shiny, and the reverse has 2 mm reefs. This tile is characterized by increased hardness, strength and water resistance. However, do not use glass tiles in places with direct exposure to high temperatures and sunlight.
Recently, polystyrene tiles appeared on the market. Its dimensions are 10×10, 15×15 and 30×30 cm, thickness-1.25-1.35 mm. The surface of such a tile is smooth, glossy, should not have scratches, cracks and potholes, irregularities and influxes. On the back there is a threshold of 0.25 mm high, which provides a strong adhesion to the adhesive composition. Polystyrene tiles are much lighter than ceramic and has the widest color scheme. It is characterized by the highest strength and is not exposed to alkalis, weak solutions of acids, disinfecting and cleansing means. On the other hand, she has a restriction on the use of heating and heating devices, one is short -lived, is characterized by low fire resistance and is exposed to organic solvents.